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SECTION 3 - LOSS CONTROL

1. 3.08 The difference between shore quantity and vessel quantity corrected by the VEF can indicate the likelihood of an inaccurate shore or vessel quantity.
. a. True
. b. False
.
.
2. 3.12 Volumetric shrinkage is least when there is a large density difference between the two crude oils that are mixed.
. a. True
. b. False
.
.
3. 3.11 A shore pipeline is partially full before discharge and completely full after discharge. What will this result in?
. a. An apparent gain of product as measured in the shore tank
. b. An apparent loss of product as measured in the shore tank
. c. An apparent loss of product as measured on the vessel
. d. It will have no impact on the outturn
4. 3.03 A volumetric loss is usually determined by comparing the discharge port outturn quantity to the load port Bill of Lading quantity. On a crude oil cargo, which volume is compared?
. a. TCV (Total Calculated Volume)
. b. TOV (Total Observed Volume)
. c. GOV (Gross Observed Volume)
. d. Answers a., b. and c. are all wrong
5. 3.15 Whether a shoreline is full, partly full or empty can affect accurate measurement of transferred volumes. Which documents provide guidelines for determining the fullness of pipelines between vessels and shore tanks?
. a. ISO 11563 / API MPMS Chapter 17.6
. b. EI HM 21
. c. EI HM 28
. d. ISO 3171 / API MPMS Chapter 8.2
6. 3.14 Metered quantities are always more accurate than those obtained from static shore tank measurements.
. a. True
. b. False
.
.
7. 3.02 For the purposes of voyage analysis, what is a simple voyage?
. a. A voyage from one load port to one discharge port with one cargo
. b. A voyage from one load port to one discharge port with any number of cargoes
. c. A voyage where all measurements were taken with automatic equipment only
. d. A voyage that relied on carefully proved meters at both the load port and the discharge port
8. 3.04 After deducting the OBQ or ROB, which volume is used to calculate a vessel experience factor [VEF]?
. a. TCV (Total Calculated Volume)
. b. TOV (Total Observed Volume)
. c. GSV (Gross Standard Volume)
. d. GOV (Gross Observed Volume)
9. 3.16 What is an in transit difference?
. a. The difference between the vessel-measured volume at the load port and the vessel-measured volume at the discharge port
. b. The difference between the vessel-measured volume at the load port and the shore-measured volume at the load port
. c. The difference between the vessel-measured volume at the load port and the shore-measured volume at the discharge port
. d. The difference between the shore line agreed tolerance at the load port and the shore line agreed tolerance at the discharge port
10. 3.09 What will a comparison of a vessel s departure Total Calculated Volume (TCV) and its arrival Total Calculated Volume (TCV) give an indication of?
. a. Discharge performance
. b. VEF accuracy
. c. In transit difference
. d. Ballast water quantity
11. 3.10 Volumetric shrinkage occurs when light hydrocarbons are mixed with crude oils. Which API MPMS chapter covers the subject of volumetric shrinkage?
. a. Chapter 9.3
. b. Chapter 12.1
. c. Chapter 12.2
. d. Chapter 12.3
12. 3.06 Which of the following steps is not included in the basic voyage analysis process?
. a. Comparing Bill of Lading figures to outturn figures
. b. Comparing vessel sailing figures to vessel arrival figures
. c. Comparing ROB to OBQ
. d. Comparing line fill at load port to line fill at discharge port
13. 3.07 For what purpose is a Letter of Protest issued to a terminal or vessel?
. a. To inform the terminal / vessel that the operation was not carried out correctly
. b. To allow the terminal or vessel to respond to a complaint
. c. To formally note that a situation has occurred which may require intervention from the client(s)
. d. To give the terminal and vessel time to improve their operations before the next cargo movement
14. 3.01 Which API MPMS chapter provides guidelines for identifying the source of free water?
. a. Chapter 8.3
. b. Chapter 15
. c. Chapter 17.2A
. d. Chapter 17.3
15. 3.05 What is the primary function of a Voyage Analysis Report (VAR)?
. a. Providing a method for adjusting vessel figures for the Vessel Experience Factor (VEF)
. b. Systematically placing all data required for voyage analysis on one page
. c. Convincing shippers that the Bill of Lading is overstated
. d. Convincing receivers that there was a problem in the terminal that caused part of the cargo to be incorrectly measured
16. 3.13 Which factors contribute to high evaporative losses?
. a. High vapour pressure of the cargo
. b. Excessive agitation of cargo during voyage
. c. Gauge hatches left open
. d. Answers a., b. and c. are all correct

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